Featured Artifacts – 1860

In 1860, the majority of North Carolinians living in the Albemarle region were yeoman farmers who worked small 50 to 100-acre farms. Forty-eight percent of the Albemarle region’s total population consisted of black people, including both free blacks and slaves. Forty-two percent of the population of the Albemarle region were slaves. Individuals who owned twenty or more slaves were considered planters.

The interior paneling shown here was taken from the Theophilus White house in the Bethel Township. The White family owned 12 slaves during this time period. 

Hertford County